Not only attacks children, typhus can affect all ages. Typhus is a disease caused by rickettsial bacterial infection. These bacteria can be transferred by fleas or mites that transmit them when they bite you.
Fleas and mites are a type of invertebrate animals known as arthropods. While arthropods that carry bacteria rickettsial bite, they also download transfer bacteria cause disease typhus. Scratching the bites itch because it can open the skin and allow more bacteria get into the bloodstream. So be in the bloodstream, the bacteria continue to reproduce and grow.
Typhoid outbreaks usually occur in developing countries or in third world countries, which have poor sanitation and a lot of contact between human beings. Untreated typhoid can cause serious complications and potentially fatal. It is important to see your doctor if you suspect you is suffering from the disease typhus.
Types of typhoid:
1. The endemic Typhus
Known as murine typhus, this type is caused by Rickettsia typhi and carried by fleas from rats or fleas from cats. Endemic typhus can be found around the world.
2. Epidemic Typhus
Types of typhus is caused by Rickettsi prowazekii and carried by lice. It can be found worldwide, but is usually found in areas with high populations and poor sanitation, where conditions allow for lice proliferate.
3. Endemic typhoid fever 2
This type is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi and carried by mite larva stage. Types of typhoid are more commonly found in Asia, Australia, Papua New Guinea, and the Pacific Islands. Typhoid this disease is also called a types of tsutsugamushi.
If you come into contact with these bacteria carrying arthropods (for example, by sleeping on a bed sheet filled with fleas), you can get infected in several ways. Bacteria, besides being transmitted through your skin with bites, can also be transmitted through their feces. If you scratch the skin above the area where fleas or mites exist, bacteria in their feces can enter your bloodstream through small cuts on your skin.
Symptoms of typhoid in accordance with slightly different species but there are the same symptoms in all three types of typhus, which are: headache, fever, and chills, rash. Epidemic typhus symptoms usually appear suddenly, such as: severe headaches, high fever (above 38 ° C), rash that starts on the back or chest and spread, confusion, fainting and looks like the unconscious, low blood pressure (hypotension), sensitivity of the eye to light, severe muscle pain.
Symptoms of endemic typhus last for 10 to 12 days and are very similar to the symptoms of typhoid epidemic but are usually not included. Symptoms: dry cough, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The symptoms are visible on the affected disease scrub typhus include: swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, skin redness or pain at the skin at the place of the bite, coughs, and rashes.
Handling of Typhoid
Early treatment with antibiotics is very effective, and do not relapse if you are taking antibiotics. Treatment of delayed and error diagnosis can lead to more severe typhus.
People who are most at risk of dying are generally those who are unable to take care or handle quickly. The overall mortality rate for untreated typhus depends on the type of typhus and other factors, such as age and overall health status.
The highest level found in the older adults and those who are malnourished. Children usually recover from typhoid. People who suffer from the disease of typhus and other diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, or chronic kidney disorder, also have a higher risk of death.
Deaths for untreated epidemic typhus can range from 10 to 60 percent, and mortality from untreated typhus can range up to 30 percent. Endemic typhus cases are rarely lethal, even without treatment. Death occurs in no more than 4 percent of cases, according to an article in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Symptoms of Typhoid Prevention
The easiest way to prevent typhoid is to avoid pests that spread it. Advice for prevention includes:
1. Do regular inspections for ticks.
2. Use insect repellent to fleas, mites, and insects.
3. Keep cleans them.
4. Avoid travel to areas where typhus exposure occurs, or to countries at high risk due to lack of sanitation.
5. Wear protective clothing if you are traveling near the area where the disease typhus epidemic occurred.
Symptoms of typhus can be avoided only by having a healthy and clean lifestyle, protecting you from germs and bacteria. After you know the cause and how to prevent it, of course now you can be more aware of your children and yourself to always maintain cleanliness.