Blood cancer or known also as leukemia is a cancer that attacks the tissue-forming blood cells, including bone marrow and lymph nodes. Leukemia usually involves white blood cells.
In General, the white blood cells play a role in the durability of the body. In normal people, the white blood cells produced by the bone marrow and regenerate cell life in accordance with it. However, in the blood of cancer patients, the bone marrow produces white blood cells in a particular number of abnormal, leading to increased levels of white blood cell types.
Up to now, uncertain what steps you can take to prevent cancer of the blood. Someone who feels to have signs and symptoms of leukemia are advised to consult a doctor immediately. Later the doctor will perform a medical interview, physical examination, and examination of the required support.
There are several types of blood cancer. Based on travel disease, leukemia is divided into acute and chronic. Acute blood cancer can occur suddenly and quickly. Meanwhile, chronic blood cancer happens slowly and early symptoms arising seem mild.
Blood cancer also can be divided based on white blood cells that are experiencing abnormal production. Blood cancer that involves abnormal production of white blood cells called myeloid leukemia. Whereas, the blood cancer that involves abnormal production of white blood cells called lymphocytes and lymphocytic leukemia.
Based on the classification, there are four main types of blood cancer most frequently occurs, namely:
1. Acute myeloid leukemia that can generally be found in adults, but can also be experienced by children.
2. Acute lymphocytic leukemia is often found in children, but can also attack adults.
3. Chronic myeloid leukemia commonly found in adults and does not show symptoms for months to years before entering the phase where cells are produced more quickly.
4. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia that can be found in adults and children and generally does not show symptoms during the first years.
In General, a blood cancer diagnosis requires medical interview and physical examination by a doctor. The doctor will ask a history of complaints that lead to cancer of the blood. In addition, the doctor will look for signs through the physical examination. For example, the eyelid skin or pale due to anemia that occurs, enlargement of the lymph nodes, and so on.
Investigations that can be done include routine blood tests, peripheral blood smears, and peripheral blood morphology. Bone marrow examination can also be done to confirm the diagnosis. In addition, patients may undergo additional examinations to determine the severity of blood cancer. After finding out, the doctor can decide the most appropriate treatment.
Symptoms that occur in blood cancer can vary, depending on the type of leukemia. Some signs and symptoms that are often found in the blood of cancer patients are:
1. Taste weak or excessive fatigue
2. Fever or chills
3. Excessive Sweating, especially at night
4. Weight loss
5. Enlargement of the lymph nodes
6. Easy bleeding or hematoma
7. A history of frequent nosebleeds
8. Enlargement of liver or spleen
9. Red spots on the skin
10. Bone Pain
Blood cancer treatment depends on various factors, including the age, the type of leukemia, and deployment that is already happening. Some common leukemia handling provided by physicians includes:
1. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy uses X-rays or other high-energy rays to destroy malignant cells and stop their growth. When radiation therapy takes place, the patient lies in bed, and then large equipment moves and directs radiation to certain parts of the body.
Chemotherapy is one of the main handling for blood cancer, which uses drugs to kill the malignant cells. Depending on the type of blood cancer suffered, treatment of chemotherapy can use a single drug or a combination of several drugs. The drugs used can be either a medicinal drink or drug injecting.
3. Target Therapy
Target therapy can be given to attack malignant cells specifically, for example by stopping the work of certain proteins in malignant cells, which can inhibit the development of the disease.
4. Biological Therapy
Biologic therapy helps the body’s durability system leukemia sufferers to attack malignant cells.
5. Stem cell transplant
Stem cells, also known as the stem cell, can be transplanted to replace the diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. Before stem cell transplant done, patients will undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy high doses to destroy diseased bone marrow. After that, the origin of cells can be given to build up a healthy bone marrow. Stem cell transplant is quite similar to a bone marrow transplant.