An Understanding Of Body Mass Index to Control Weight

Body Mass Index (BMI) is one way to know your ideal weight range and predict how much your health risk is. This method is used to determine a healthy weight based on weight and height.


Body mass index figures are used to indicate one’s weight category is proportionate or not. Through BMI, a person will know whether his weight belongs to the normal category, the advantages, or even the shortcomings.

Body mass index is gained by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by their height in squared meters. For some people, the value of body mass index may not be accurate. Those who are pregnant, bodybuilders, or athletes with high activity levels are groups with BMI values that do not reflect current health. That is, even though their BMI values are above normal, it does not mean they have excessive fat.

BMI calculations are divided into four categories:

1. If a person has a BMI below the number 18.5, then the person has a weight below normal.
2. Normal BMI is in the range of 18.5 to 24.9.
3. When a person’s BMI touches the numbers 25-29.9, then he is categorized as overweight.
4. A person is obese if his BMI is equal to or above 30.

As for the Asian population, including Indonesia, BMI groupings are as follows:

1. If a person has a BMI below the number 18.5, then the person has a weight below normal.
2. Normal BMI is in the range of 18.5 to 22.9.
3. When the BMI someone touched the number 23-24, 9, then he categorized as overweight.
4. A person is obese if his BMI is above 25.

Unfortunately, the above figures are less accurate if applied to people with eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa. Body mass index numbers also do not represent those who are obese at an extreme level.

BMI can indeed be used as a benchmark for someone alert to abnormal weight. However, over-reliance on that number is also unwise. One of the disadvantages of the calculation of BMI is the result of BMI is common because it does not take into account other factors, such as the type of body shape, age, and level of one’s activity.

If two individuals have the same body mass index, but different s*x and age, then it should also be taken into account.

Where does a person’s weight originate can also be a calculation of body mass index to be inaccurate, such as athletes or bodybuilders. Both groups are likely to have a higher body weight because they have an athletic body. Weight comes from muscle mass, not body fat.

Based on age for example, *dults tend to have more body fat than children. While the s*x, the s*xes naturally have more body fat than men.

Likewise with the activity and shape of a person’s body. Although he has a normal body mass index, the less people move likely has more body fat. Those who have more fat in the abdomen, was judged more susceptible got health disorders.

Fat that settles in the abdomen and waist is associated with the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Those who have fat deposits in the hips and thighs are considered more secure from the threat of these diseases.

It is noteworthy but escape from the calculation of BMI is ethnic person. Each ethnic is faced with its own health threat. For Asians, BMI 27 or higher is obese. In fact, the category of obesity is generally located in the BMI range of more than 30.

Certain diseases or medical conditions, such as malnutrition or ascites, can also cause the calculation of BMI to be inaccurate. This is because of the weight gain due to body fluid buildup.

Regardless of any shortcomings, the calculation of BMI is well known primarily as a reminder to maintain weight. By having a normal weight, the following benefits can be obtained.

1. Minimize a person from the risk of developing joint pain and muscle pain.
2. Have a better pattern and quality of sleep.
3. Can do more activity because stamina is higher.
4. Circulation and metabolism will also be better.
5. Reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers.
6. Heart performance will be lighter.
7. Reduce cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose, and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Given the many advantages of having an ideal weight, knowledge of body mass index is still worth to maintain, especially as self-control. Make sure a healthy diet and regular exercise become your daily habits. If you have weight problems and are difficult to manage or achieve ideal weight, you can consult a doctor for further treatment steps.