HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system. Without a strong immune system, the body struggles against infections that can cause illness. HIV works by destroying white blood cells that play an important role in the immune system. The more white blood cells are damaged, the immune system gets weaker.
A lot of people who think AIDS is HIV and vice versa. When infected with HIV do not always will culminate in AIDS if HIV infection status in mind from the beginning and treated early on.
On the level of HIV infection that is very severe, a very weak immune system keeps the body becomes extremely vulnerable to infections and cancer. It was this deadly condition called AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). However, HIV infection takes several years to develop into AIDS.
Many people with HIV do not know they are infected. This is because the symptoms and signs of HIV/AIDS in the early stages often do not cause symptoms. HIV infection into AIDS is divided into three phases, as follows:
1. Acute HIV infection
The first phase is generally appearing after 2-4 weeks of HIV infection occur. At this early phase of HIV sufferers will experience symptoms similar to the flu, like headaches, canker sores, fatigue, sore throat, lost appetite, muscle pain, rash, swollen lymph glands and sweating.
These symptoms can last for weeks or even more 1-2. However, it should be remembered that these symptoms are not always caused by HIV. After the symptoms and signs of HIV / AIDS above disappear, the patient can not feel anything until many years later.
2. The latent phase of HIV
In this second phase, HIV/AIDS does not show the typical signs and symptoms, will even feel healthy as not infected with a virus. But actually, the HIV virus is quietly multiply and attacks the white blood cells that play a role in fighting infection.
Signs of HIV/AIDS on this phase were not visible, but sufferers can still pass it on to other people. At the end of the second phase, the white blood cells are reduced drastically so that the more severe symptoms began to appear.
3. Phase three: AIDS
AIDS is the toughest phase of HIV infection. In this phase, the body almost lost its ability to fight the disease. This is because the number of white blood cells was far below normal. Signs of HIV AIDS at this stage include weight dropped dramatically, frequent fevers, chronic diarrhea, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.
Because the AIDS phase on the immune system has been very weak, then HIV/AIDS sufferers would be extremely vulnerable to infections and certain types of cancer. The disease usually occurs in people with AIDS, among others, a yeast infection in the mouth and throat, pneumonia, toxoplasmosis, meningitis, tuberculosis (TB) and cancers such as lymphoma and Kaposi’s sarcoma.
Prevention and treatment of early HIV infection is a major key in order that these conditions do not develop into AIDS. Therefore, live a healthy lifestyle and avoiding risky behavior, such as free s*x or use a syringe alternating with others, is an effective way to prevent HIV/AIDS.
Apply some of the following in your life:
1. Use a condom when s*xual intercourse. Use condoms correctly to avoid leakage.
2. Not multiple couples.
3. Avoid direct contact with the bodily fluids of another person e.g. through wounds or oral s*x.
4. Do not use the personal equipment such as toothbrush, Shaver, and s*x toys alternating with others.
5. If you are at risk of exposure to HIV, ARV treatment started early as the prevention of HIV infection, and regularly checked the HIV status is the right step to deal with HIV.
Understand that HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids, such as blood, BREAST MILK, semen, and vaginal fluids. HIV cannot be transmitted through saliva, insect bites, food or drink. The virus is also not transmitted through the use of the toilet, or shaking hands and hugging with the sufferer.
Up to this point, has not found a drug that could cure HIV infection. Although incurable, HIV can still be controlled by taking antiretroviral medications (ARVs).
Antiretroviral works by preventing the duplication of the virus. This medication is available in tablet form and should be consumed per day. Consumption of antiretroviral drugs on a regular basis can slow HIV-disease travels and extend the life expectancy of sufferers. Without treatment, HIV can develop into AIDS in a faster time.
Immediately check with yourself and do the test detection of HIV if infected or at risk of experiencing the symptoms and signs of HIV/AIDS. Don't hesitate or embarrassed to consult a doctor and do an examination of HIV, because the treatment is done early on can slow the progression of HIV infection to the disease of AIDS.